A new science has emerged in recent years in an attempt to explain the inner "workings" of complex systems.The science of complexity has been applied to various fields of science, economics,
and politics to name a few, and is concerned with the fundamental logical properties of the behaviour of non linear and network feedback systems.

The problems behind the 'central evolutionary and transformational processes' through which organizations renew themselves have traditionally been addressed by two well established perspectives: (1) strategic choice- a transformational process in which organizations adapt to environmental changes by restructuring themselves in an intentional, rational manner and (2) ecology- an evolutionary process of competitive selection in which whole populations of organisms adapt to environmental change, given that individual organizational adaptation is blocked by institutional inertia and resource specificity.

Signifigant differences in terms of predicted outcome notwithstanding, both clearly make the same assumptions about system dynamics: successful systems (i.e. whole biological populations)
are driven by negative feedback processes toward predictable states of adaptation to the environment. Thus, one could assume that success "dynamics " have a tendency to acheive equilibrium and therefore stability, regularity, and predictability.

These two assumptions , having originated in Newtonian physics and Darwinian evolution are now being challenged at the fundamental level by recent developments in physics, biology and mathematics. These developments in the 'science of complexity' are concerned with the dynamical properties of non linear and network feedback systems.

Traditionally, systems have been grouped into one of three categories based on their behaviour.
These system categories are: ordered, chaotic and complex. Recent research in evolutionary processes has shown evidence for a system that lies at the edge between chaos and order.
This edge of chaos is the focus point for complexity science

Charles Darwin

Darwin's theory of evolution, by means of natural selection, has dominated the way biologists
have thought of biological evolution, for the past century. Only in the past decade or two have
scientists began to question natural selection as the only factor involved in evolution. Evidence from the science of complexity has shown that evolutionary processes may be a product of complex syematics.

Complexity introduction continued

Complexity index