• Subclass: Elasmobranch
  • Broad flattened bodies
  • Light bottom with mouth + gills
  • Dark top with eyes
  • Teeth in fused upper and lower plates, scales in the form of denticles
  • The males have sexual organs called claspers 
  • The skates and rays are most closely related to the order Pristiophoridae
  • Pectoral fins running the length of their relatively short bodies, which essentially act as wings
Typical Skate
Drawing by Chris Moles (cmoles@chat.carleton.ca)
from Stafford-Deitsch