R e f e r e n c e s

Texts and Journals

Creager, JS & DA McManus. 1965. Pleistocene Drainage Patterns on the Floor of the Chukchi Sea. Marine Geology 3:279-90.

Elias, S. 1996. Insect Fossil Evidence on Late Wisconsinan Environments of the Bering Land Bridge. In American Beginnings (ed. Frederick H. West & Constance F. West). University of Chicago Press. pp. 110-119.

Elias, S. 1997. Bridge to the past. Earth 1997:51-55.

Elias, S. et al. 1996. Life and times of the Bering land bridge. Nature 382:60-63.

Elias, S. 1995. The Ice-Age History of Alaskan National Parks. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.

Goetcheus, VG et al. 1994. Window on the Bering Land Bridge: A 17,000-year-old Paleosurface on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska. CRP. 11:131-132.

Guthrie, RD. 1982. Mammals of the Mammoth Steppe as Paleoenvironmental Indicators. In: Paleoecology of Beringia (ed. Hopkins, DM, JV Matthews Jr., CE Schweger & SB Young). Academic Press. New York. pp. 307-328.

Harington, CR. 1998. North American Saiga. Beringian Research Notes: Yukon Tourism Branch. 1998:11.

Hopkins, DM. 1996. Introduction: The concept of Beringia. In American Beginnings (ed. Frederick H. West & Constance F. West). University of Chicago Press. pp. xvii-xxi.

Mathewes RW, LE Heusser & RT Patterson. 1993. Evidence for a Younger Dryas-like cooling event on the British Columbia coast. Geology 21: 101-104.

Morlan, RE. 1997. Beringia. Beringian Research Notes: Yukon Tourism Branch. 1997:9.

National Geographic Society. 1993. Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography.

Schweger, C & T Habgood. The late Pleistocene steppe-tundra of Beringia-A critique. 1976. American Quaternary Association, Abstracts of the fourth biennial meeting. p. 80-81.

Tomirdiaro, SV. Palaeogeography of Beringia and Arctida. In American Beginnings. 1998. pp.58-69.

West, FW. 1998. The study of Beringia. In American Beginnings (ed. Frederick H. West & Constance F. West). University of Chicago Press. pp.1-10.

Selected Articles from: Scientific American Discovering Archaeology

Scientific American Discovering Archaeology: Issue 7 January/February

Adovasio JM & DC Hyland. 2000. The Need to Weave: The First Americans Used More Fiber Than Flint.

Collins, MB. 2000. Time is Running Out for an Old Paradigm.

Dixon, EJ. 2000. Coastal Navigators: The First Americans May Have Come by Water.

Gruhn, Ruth. 2000 The South American Twist: Clovis First Doesn't Fit the Rich Prehistory of the Southern Continent.

Haynes Jr, CV. 2000. New World Climate: Dramatic Climatic Shifts Welcomed and Bedeviled the First Americans.

Hofman, JL. 2000. The Clovis Hunters: A Pragmatic and Skilled Culture Swept Across North America.

Schurr, TG. 2000. The Story in the Genes: Genetic Research Finds More, Older Options for First Americans.

Stanford, D. & B. Bradley. 2000. The Solutrean Solution: Did Some Ancient Americans Come from Europe?

Steele, GD. 2000. The Skeleton's Tale: Old Skulls are Painting a Complex Picture of American Origins.

Tankersley, KB. 2000. The Puzzle of the First Americans.

L i n k s


Alaskan Animals (Photos)

Bering Land Bridge:

Bering Land Bridge Natural Preserve

GORP Bering Land Bridge National Preserve


NOAA Paleoclimatology Program

The Mesa Project: Interactions Between Early Prehistoric Humans and Environmental Change in Arctic Alaska

Paleoenvironments and Glaciation in Beringia

Pre-Clovis debate:

Clovis and Beyond Conference

The Clovis First/Pre-Clovis Problem by Tony Baker



Pre-Indian Caucasoids in America: Kennewick Man

ENN News Archive: Team urges more tests on Kennewick Man

Jomon of Japan: From Hunters to Rice Growers


Paleoenvironmental Atlas of Beringia This site has great photos of the Beringian Landscape

Beringia Interpretive Center