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Of all the Perissodactyl, the most
complicated fossil history belongs to that of the Rhinoceroses. Today there are few rhinoceroses left , but this was not
the case throughout the Tertiary, where there were numerous amounts of rhinoceroses.
A rhinoceros can be recognized by its relatively large size
and unusually short, stout limbs. The most distinguishing characteristics of today's rhinoceroses
is the horn-like structure situated on the front end of the skull. This horn-like
structure is not composed of bone or horn as most people assume. Rather, it is composed
of a "fused mass of modified hairlike material".
(Above Right: A Black rhinoceros cow watches over her young)
||A photograph of the horn of a White rhinoceros (left).
Rhinoceroses are poached for their horns which are valuable on the black
market where they are used in folk medicines.