§ It is important to note that succinite is also
defined as Baltic Amber, (ie amber deposited and recovered near the Baltic sea.
Chemical Composition and Physical Structure of Succinite
§ Succinite has a hardness of 2.0-2.5, (on the Moh's Scale) and a density of
§ The melting point of succinite is 287-300ºC.
§ The elemental composition of succinite is 81.01% C, 11.41% H,
7.33% O, and 0.25% S. The amount of
Succinic acid in amber is 3-8%.
§ An analysis of modern day resins from Poland reveal a composition of:
21% terpenes together with derivatives, (volatile matter); 70% resinous acids,
4% resens; 5% water and solid impurities. The water
content may rise to as much as 10% during the spring. (Grochowski, 1976).
§ A comparison of modern day resins with Baltic amber reveals that the difference
between the two is that the individual components are present in different rations.